During hip replacement, a surgeon eradicates the damaged sections of your hip joint and changes them with parts typically constructed of metal, ceramic and very hard plastic. This artificial joint (prosthesis) helps reduce pain and improves function. Also called total hip arthroplasty, hip replacement operation might be a choice for you if your hip pain interferes with daily actions and nonsurgical treatments haven’t helped or are no longer efficient. Arthritis damage is the most common cause to call for hip replacement.
Why it’s done
Conditions that can smash the hip joint, sometimes making hip replacement surgery obligatory, include:
Osteoarthritis. Commonly known as wear-and-tear arthritis, osteoarthritis destructs the glossy cartilage that covers the ends of bones and helps joints move efficiently.
Rheumatoid arthritis. Caused by an overactive immune system, rheumatoid arthritis produces a type of tenderness that can decay cartilage and infrequently underlying bone, resulting in damaged and deformed joints.
Osteonecrosis. If there isn’t adequate blood supplied to the ball part of the hip joint, such as might effect from a displacement or fracture, the bone might subside and distort.
You might think hip replacement if you have hip pain that:
Persists, despite pain medication
Worsens with walking, even with a cane or walker
Interferes with your sleep
Makes it hard to get dressed
Affects your capability to go up or down stairs
Makes it difficult to rise from a seated position
Need for second hip replacement
Your prosthetic hip joint might wear out ultimately, particularly if you have hip replacement surgery when you’re relatively youthful and active. Then you might require a second hip replacement. However, new materials are making implants last longer.
How you prepare
Before surgery you’ll meet with your orthopedic doctor for an exam. The doctor will:
Ask about your medical history and present medications.
Examine your hip, paying notice to the assortment of motion in your joint and the power of the adjacent muscles
Order blood tests, and an X-ray. An MRI is rarely required
During this preoperative valuation is a good time for you to inquire questions about the procedure. Be sure to find out which medications you should evade or persist to take in the week before surgery.
During the procedure
The surgical procedure takes a few hours. To carry out a hip replacement, your surgeon:
Makes a notch over the front or side of your hip, throughout the layers of tissue
Removes diseased and damaged bone and cartilage, leaving healthy bone intact
Implants the prosthetic socket into your pelvic bone, to restore the damaged socket
Replaces the round ball on the top of your femur with the prosthetic ball, which is attached to a stalk that fits into your thigh bone
Techniques for Hip Replacement Treatment in Mohali are continually evolving. Surgeons prolong to develop less persistent surgical techniques, which might reduce recovery time and pain. Expect your new hip joint to decrease the pain prior to your surgery and augment the motion in your joint.